February 28, 2007
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FROM VOLUME 8, NUMBER 10, OCTOBER 1995
LAND SURFACE MODELING
"The Project for Intercomparison of Land Surface Parameterization
Schemes (PILPS): Phases 2 and 3," A. Henderson-Sellers (Clim. Impacts Ctr.,
Macquarie Univ., N. Ryde, NSW 2109, Australia), A.J. Pitman et al., Bull.
Amer. Meteor. Soc., 78(4), 489-503, Apr. 1995.
Reviews the project to date and invites participation in its current and
"Global Climate Models and 'Dynamic' Vegetation Changes," A.
Henderson-Sellers (address, ibid.), Global Change Biol., 1(1),
63-75, Feb. 1995.
Links a global climate model to a biophysical representation of the
continental surface by means of 11 vegetation functional types. Simulations with
the coupled model show that a standard GCM can cope with sudden switches in
continental characteristics and that the climate responds to changing underlying
"Regional Scale Evaporation and the Atmospheric Boundary Layer,"
M.B. Parlange (Hydrol. Sci., Univ. Calif., Davis CA 95616), W.E. Eichinger, J.D.
Albertson, Rev. Geophys., 33(1), 99-124, Feb. 1995.
Reviews current models of evaporation and the atmospheric boundary layer and
discusses new experimental and computational techniques, such as remote sensing
of the atmosphere, computational fluid dynamics, and the role numerical models
can play in understanding land-atmosphere interaction.
"Use of Satellite-Based Sensing in Land Surface Climatology,"
D. Greenland (Dept. Geog., Univ. Oregon, Eugene OR 97403), Progress in
Physical Geog., 18(1), 1-15, 1994.
A review that: (1) summarizes satellite measurements that have been used for
land surface climatology and the ways they have been employed; (2) identifies
the kind of models that potentially could, or do, use satellite-derived data;
and (3) notes critical issues in attempting to use satellite data in land
surface climate modeling. Concentrates on climate of micro- to meso-scale areas,
principally under snow-free, cloud-free skies, and on factors of importance to
"Land-Surface Characterization in Greenhouse Climate Simulations,"
A. Henderson-Sellers (Clim. Impacts Ctr., Macquarie Univ., N. Ryde, NSW 2109,
Australia), K. McGuffie, Intl. J. Climatol., 14(10), 1065-1094,
Experiments with an interactive vegetation climate model indicate that
simple, post facto application of vegetation diagnostic schemes, once
climatic equilibrium is achieved, may be diagnosing vegetation from an incorrect
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