February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 7, NUMBER 5, MAY 1994
PROFESSIONAL PUBLICATIONS... ENERGY TECHNOLOGY OPTIONS
of Information for Energy: Conceptual Background, Realities and
Limits," X. Chen (IEPE, BP 47X, 38040 Grenoble Cedex 09,
France), Energy Policy, 22(1), 15-27, Jan. 1994.
Demonstrates the importance of the substitution and analyzes it
in economic terms.
Energy Sources for Hydrogen Production," K. Hassmann
(Siemens AG, KWU F 4, Hammerbacher Str. 12+14, D-W-8520,
Erlangen, Ger.), H.-M. Kühne, Intl. J. Hydrogen Energy, 18(8),
635-640, Aug. 1993.
The cost of hydrogen from water electrolysis without energy
taxes is higher than that of fossil fuels including taxes.
Hydrogen will not gain a significant market share without
restrictions on fossil fuel consumption.
Biomass Feedstock Production: The Economic Potential and Impacts
on US Agriculture," R.A. Reese (Dept. Econ., Iowa State
Univ., Ames IA 50011), S.V. Aradhyula et al., Energy Policy, 21(7),
726-734, July 1993. A biomass crop industry could become
commercially viable by 2030; the agricultural economy would
Energy from Sugar Cane," R. Boddey (EMBRAPA-CNPBS, Km 47,
Seropédica, Itaguai, 23851-970 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), Chem.
& Industry, 355-358, May 17, 1993.
Analysis shows that because most sugar cane in Brazil is
harvested manually, this biofuel has a high ratio of energy
produced to CO2 emissions.
for Light in the Night," N. Williams (Solar Elec. Light
Fund, 1739 Connecticut Ave. NW, Washington DC 20009), K.
Jacobson, H. Burris, Nature, 362(6422), 691-692,
Apr. 22, 1993.
Photovoltaic solar-power systems are an answer to the demands
for electricity in rural regions of developing countries.
of Reducing CO2 Emissions by Means of Hydrogen Energy," P.A.
Okken (Neth. Energy Res. Found., ECN, Petten, Neth.), Intl. J.
Hydrogen Energy, 18(4), 319-323, Apr. 1993.
Discusses economic and technical issues for two options for
producing hydrogen without CO2 emissions: electrolysis using
CO2-free electricity, and natural gas reforming with CO2 disposal
in depleted natural gas reservoirs.
to Produce Hydrogen from Fossil Fuels Without CO2 Emission,"
N.Z. Muradov (Florida Solar Energy Ctr., 300 State Rd. 401, Cape
Canaveral FL 32920), ibid., 18(3), 211-215, Mar.
Thermal or thermocatalytic decomposition of natural gas is a
potential source of hydrogen that is technologically and
economically viable. The carbon formed can be stored for eventual
use as a petrochemical feedstock.
from World Resour. Rev., 4(4), 1992:
"Worldwide Role of Gas Turbine Power Generation with
Biomass Fuels," J.T. Hamrick (Aerospace Res. Corp., 5454
Aerospace Rd., Roanoke VA 24014), 507-518. Presents information
on the current commercial version of the biomass-fueled gas
turbine, and discusses research needed to maximize the system's
"Cool Storage Technology and Its Environmental
Impact," B.B. Lindsay (Thermal Storage Appl. Res. Ctr.,
Univ. Wisconsin, Madison WI 53706), R.D. Wendland, S. Criswell,
395-405. Examines the energy implications of cool storage, a
technology that will reduce the release of greenhouse gases by
shifting air-conditioning load to off-peak periods.
Analysis and CO2 Emission Evaluation of a Hydrogen Energy System
for the Transportation System in Japan," K. Hiraoka (Ship
Res. Inst., Min. Transport 6-38-1, Shinkawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181,
Japan), K. Watanabe et al., Intl. J. Energy, Environ., Econ., 2(2),
Proposes that the transportation sector use hydrogen produced
by electrolysis with solar photovoltaic cells on rafts in the
South Pacific Ocean. The system could save 78% of the petroleum
energy now consumed, and would suppress 80% of the CO2 emissions
that the petroleum would release.
Substitution and Efficient Woodstoves: Are They the Answers to
the Fuelwood Supply Problem in Northern Nigeria?" E.L. Hyman
(Appropriate Technology Intl., 1331 H St. NW, S. 1200, Washington
DC 20005), Environ. Mgmt., 18(1), 23-32, Jan.-Feb.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations